Albion

Savile: British Israelite, Loyal & Ancient Shepherd of the Empire, Messianic OddFellow?

God'll Fix It, published 1979

“I’m a sort of left-handed, lay, priest without any desire for recognition”,

says Savile on p.49 of God’ll Fix It, the front cover of his 1978 penned, 1979 published pamphlet of self-asked and answered questions focusing on his left-hand looming large in the foreground

Savile enjoyed calculating risk and beating the odds. He came from parents already conducting dual careers – his father an illegal bookies’ clerk, (who required protection and lookouts?) and his mother a devout carer at the elderly care home opposite their home in Woodhouse. Both his parents were involved in fundraising such as dance events and whist drives, his father counting the money and keeping the books and takings while his mother was the great organiser and could play the piano.

Savile worked his way through his career collecting awards and the highest accolades he could, from all corners of the British Isles and all varieties of organisations. However, if he was also hopping  – or attempting to ingratiate and hop – from ‘friendly society’ or even from cult to cult, scrabbling ruthlessly to attain kingpin position by whatever name in each people-power hierarchy or institution he came across, using his standard combination of methods such as copious charity work or fundraising ‘lovebombing’ along with blackmail and cementing any links with fellow child abuse enthusiasts as he went – then Savile’s relentless “symbol-dropping” takes on a more cohesive underpinning ideology and an implicit threat to reveal the secret he believed he held, as a perhaps self-appointed Defender of the Empire.

Do I believe Savile believed the claims he insinuated for himself or his burgeoning self-created own mythological origins? Possibly by the end, when he’s blethering on about ‘absolute freedom’ and being tricky enough to handle ‘absolute freedom’ presumably as no longer being a subject of anyone, including the Crown. However, earlier on in his career he realised he’d come from a background rich in the British-Israelite heritage of beliefs and thought many others were gullible enough to be manipulated through this belief and he set about doing this once he worked out how. Which all raises the question as to what extent Savile’s corruption has infiltrated a variety of hidden institutions existing beneath the surface of British society and power structures, and whether it’s a question that can ever be realistically addressed. If not, Savile has achieved the biggest, most brazen, most audacious ‘Protection Racket’ any criminal has ever pulled off, all based on the Emperor’s New/Old Ideology and the additional shield of secrecy this afforded in terms of preventing people  as assorted ‘brethren’ from speaking out against him.

“The best business in the world is to own a government”, (Jimmy Savile, God’ll Fix It, 1978 p.51)

The growth of the British Israelite Myth

British Israelism is the belief that the Anglo-Saxons as descended from Sycthians who were descended from the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, lost during the exodus, are the inheritors of God’s Covenant with Abraham and are therefore the “real” “Chosen People”. Through interpretations of the bible, biblical archaeology and what can be loosely termed philology the British-Israelism movement arrived at conclusions such as an indubitably  Hebraic origin for British as ‘Brit’ in Hebrew meaning covenant and ‘isher’ meaning son. The Britisher was the name of the chosen people, sons of the covenant with God. BadArchaeology.com – a website run by two Angry Archaeologists does a much better job of explaining the myth here including the spawning of Pyramidology and a frenzied digging up of the Hill of Tara at the turn of the last century (significant in the context of Kincora’s McGrath choosing to name his Loyalist paramilitary group Tara and Chris Moore’s book on Kincora?)

Tudor Parfitt, an Emeritus Professor in Modern Jewish Studies at SOAS and Director of its Centre for Jewish Studies, gives an excellent and broad overview of the growth of the British-Israelite movement in The Lost Tribes of Israel: The History of a Myth (2004) and in each chapter he focuses on another country or continent where the myth touches, travelling fast as it fires the imagination of an Empire-building nation such as ‘Great’ Britain. British Israelism,

“which may be termed loosely an interdenominational Protestant fellowship, brought Ten Tribes back into a properly Anglo-Saxon and orthodox Christian fold. The theory in essence posits that the Anglo-Saxons are the blood descendants of the Israelites and that Great Britain and its empire, along with her offspring – America – have inherited the covenant blessings given to Abraham. The general notion of the Lost Tribes’ descent for the Anglo-Saxons, unblessed with even a scintilla of evidence, found adherents in every corner of the globe – even, bizarrely, among the French, as may be seen from Roger Lambeline’s Le regne d’Israel chex les Anglo-Saxons (Paris, 1921)”

Having accelerated as an idea perhaps in response to British society’s shock at the execution and beheading of Charles I and the theological and constitutional consequences of regicide in revolutionary times, various interpretations of the myth and a yearning or harking back to ancient times when God’s relationship with a prelapsarian nation were already circulating widely during the 1800s. The ability for lay biblical interpretation and a rise in millenarianism and an obsession with doom-laden prophecies in Revelations, (which when you reflect on impact of the Great London Fire and the plague during 1660s is hardly unexpected), all infused the plethora of Friendly Societies that spring up at the time such as the Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds and The Odd Fellows with a strand of the British-Israelite tradition, becoming formalised with masonic inspired initiation rites and rituals. The Friendly Societies all appear to be heavy on pomp, circumstance and pageantry with a convivial and social welfare/precursor to national insurance as a sickness and burial mutual assurance society.

The British Israeli Movement appears to have reached ideological and organisational ascendancy in 1919 with the establishment of the British-Israeli Worldwide Movement. Having gained considerable traction with all manner of people from Oliver Cromwell, as a tool to throw off the papacy, by the time Savile was born in 1926, Prince Albert (later George VI – the current Queen’s father) was already absorbed in reading up on his father’s subjects as ‘the Chosen People’:

”I am sure the British Israelite business is true. I have read a lot about it lately and everything no matter how large or small points to our being ’the chosen race’.” (The Independent, 6th April 1996)

To the more cunning and grasping lower ranking members of Royalty, especially those with tenuous or morganatic claims to royal blood, the confused twisting of geneaologies to fit ‘historic truths’ or ‘biblical prophecies’ must have been a been a blessing in disguise. Here was their opportunity to lay claim to increased privileges and jump a few rungs up the ladder. But more on Mountbatten later.

A letter to The Independent 8th May 1996 provides a good summary of the effects of the adoption of the myth, particularly in Protestant circles on stoking anti-Jewish feeling, although it can also be said to incorporate what can be viewed outwardly as philosemitism but is really at the cost of manipulating Jewish race into conforming with “pre-destined” roles in various prophecies arising from the British Israelite Myth.

Sir: I read with interest the Rev Keith C Blackburn’s letter on the “Jerusalem” debate (4 May).

Further to his point that the answer to the first verse is an emphatic “no”, it should be pointed out that the reason for that is that the whole of the first verse of this “hymn” is based on the British Israelite myth. According to this myth all the (Protestant) British are descended from the ten lost tribes of Israel (who according to the Bible weren’t lost anyway) and the Queen and Royal Family are the descendants of King David via Jesus Christ. Likewise according to this myth those professing the faith of Judaism are not really biblical Jews but are crypto-Jews of East European origin.

So not only is “Jerusalem” xenophobic by omission of the Scots, the Irish and the Welsh; it is blatantly anti-Semitic, based on “no warrant of Holy Scripture” and totally loony.

James Samuel Cole

London SE18

 

Did Savile consider himself to be a Loyal and Ancient Shepherd?

“As the Chaldean shepherds on their lonely vigil wondered about the night stars, so, after several weeks of staring into the darkness, did I wonder about the nature of things. About people I knew, or sensed, plenty. But about things I was as empty as the darkness. Smuggling books into my exclusive world provided the answers and also a necessary diversion. So engrossed did I become in my learning that the twinkling lights which heralded my returning mates came as an interruption instead of a relief. After three years of six shifts a week living like a walled-up Tibetan monk I was fully conversant with the wonders of astronomy, physics, maths, ancient and modern religions and a variety of languages. ‘One off’ subjects like politics, economics and world history I treated as light entertainment. This was learning at its most happy. If the mine managers were staggered to find a lad who so took to a terrifying task, I wanted no more than to be left alone.” (As it Happens, Jimmy Savile, pp 14 – 15)

What’s a specifically Chaldean shepherd? Anyone from Abraham whom God Covenants with, to Nebuchadnezzar who took control of Babylon to establish the Chaldean dynasty during which he built many amazing structures, no doubt much admired by the architects, engineers and draughtsmen of the Freemasonry traditions

From Wikipedia on Chaldea: In the Hebrew Bible, the prophet Abraham is stated to have originally been from “Ur of the Chaldees” (Ur Kaśdim); if this city is to be identified with the Sumerian Ur, it would be within the original Chaldean homeland south of the Euphrates, although it must be pointed out that the Chaldeans certainly did not exist in Mesopotamia at the time of Abraham (believed to be circa 1700 BC), which casts doubt on the historicity of the Abrahamic story.

Savile’s autobiography ‘As it Happens’ penned after the death of The Duchess (October 1972), and published in 1974 has a fair few references which could be viewed as unsubtle hints at a variety of different belief systems he was attempting to climb to the top of, perhaps as a means of advertising his rank therein or merely as rallying support from those groups – some of which awoke my curiousity in terms of if, how and when the British Israelite Myth also made its way into the Roman Catholic tradition which Savile also ostensibly subscribed to.

“Maybe he has learned a few secrets in the magic forest of living because he has been down paths which few of us have followed – could ever follow. To talk to Jimmy is sometimes like talking to a wizard; you never know what kind of answer you’re going to get. Usually the answers are off-beat, they can sound crazy but I have come to think it could be a brave and glorious madness.” (Colin Semper BBC Religion, God’ll Fix It, 1978 Preface)

Savile also liked to ponder on mysteries he thought only shepherds knew. And in a remarkable comment in the context of those groups of people he abused at both ends of the spectrum of life, children and even the dead, he states not quite only shepherds know the secret, since

“Only the very young, the very old, and the shepherds, have the secret.” (As it Happens, p.156 )

and while he modestly defers opinion on his own gifts and powers (clairvoyance? As well as the claim to Hypnotism training with Josef Karma? More on Savile’s wish to be associated with ‘gypsy’ or ‘gyptian lore another time) Savile also tells us:

“It has been put to me by an eminent man of wisdom that my mixture of clairvoyance, instinct and intuition is because, having been over the rim of death as I told you at the start of this book, one always brings something extra back. I don’t know if he’s right or wrong, but whatever it is, it’s worked for me a good life.” (ibid, p.165)

Savile’s frequent mention of shepherds is interesting in the context of more detail from Colin Semper:

“He is a travelling man. Nothing gives him so much pleasure as to sit in the quietness of the countryside. He sleeps in the van, or at one of the ‘castles’ – places he owns or rents or is given. An attic room in Broadmoor hospital, or a trophy-littered flat in London. Everything he collects on his travels is carefully preserved, from shepherd’s crooks to Variety Club awards” (p.xii Colin Semper, Preface, God’ll Fix It, Jimmy Savile)

“Sometimes I think there’s nothing else for me to do or win but something crops up. In 1973 I wont the world’s top award, the Variety Club of Great Britain Showbiz Personality Award. That’s it, thought I, it’s impossible to top that. And felt a bit sad” (As it Happens, p.160)

The Legion of Mary and the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel

 “I have a friend in Tangier who lives in a palace. Seventy-five candles burn in his entrance hall. Guests arrive by jet, and yacht and when I’m there my thoughts, some of the time, stray back to the Morning Star Hostel for Destitute Men in Manchester. It’s a strange world all right, and seeing as we’ll never quite straighten it out in our lifetime, there’s not much harm in enjoying it. As long as it’s not at the expense of others.” [As it Happens, Jimmy Savile O.B.E, 1974, p.151]

Asides from wondering who the friend in Tangiers was, knowing who was living there such as Sir Ian Horobin in self-imposed exile , as well as a ‘retired’ Billy Hill, I was intrigued to read the Handbook of the Legion of Mary  states “there should be no depths to which the Legion will not penetrate in its search for the lost sheep of the House of Israel.” A figure of speech, and obviously shepherd imagery is going to be rich in any Christian context.

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“Called upon to open a sale of work at a hostel for destitute men in Manchester, I went along some weeks before to reconnoitre the place. But I couldn’t find it. The Morning Star Hostel for Destitute Men it was, in Nelson Street. After knocking on several doors I eventually got the right one. The obvious thing was that if I couldn’t find it, our hoped-for customers would also search, tire and probably turn away. So I came up with a good idea, A pamphlet was printed which read ‘Do you know where the Morning Star Hostel for Destitute Men is? No well neither does Jimmy Savile but he will be sleeping there on Friday night to open a super sale of work there on the Saturday.’ (p.134)

There Savile makes the acquaintance of Ginger, the former Coldstream Guard, 6ft 5 and later when Savile was going into a disco called Rails in Manchester at 3 am in the morning, Ginger’s appearance scares off some would-be attackers.

The Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds (LOAS) ‘Ashton Unity’: Savile is keen for the first disco to be acknowledged as having taken place at “a room above the Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds friendly society, off Belle Vue Road, in Woodhouse, up the road from his Leeds home.”

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During the 1800s a number of Friendly Societies grew up, each with their own masonic infused initiation rites and increasingly bizarre claims to longevity (Group for Regional Studies in Museums – No 10 October 1982, Friendly Societies and their Symbols and Ritual, Sherri Brown).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen Shot 2014-07-29 at 20.04.30Frank Broughton, writing for GQ in November 2012 recalls:

“After the interview, keen to give me a “scoop”, Savile took me to a nearby street to show me where his very first event had taken place, the blueprint for his dance hall revolution. Here, an electrically minded pal had helped him connect a gramophone to some tiny speakers and Savile had charged six couples to dance to 78s. The night was a failure since the equipment fused, charring the top of the piano it rested on and leaving his mother to fill in on the ivories. If, as he claimed, this experiment took place in 1943, he was the first person to take money for a night of dancing to records (jukeboxes excepted), making this, as he framed it – “The world’s very first disco”.”

 

John Henry Savile, Savile’s paternal grandfather had been an estate agent in Leeds before becoming a superintendent in an assurance agent’s office. It is possible Savile’s parents had close associations with the friendly society LOAS Savile insists on signposting the beginning of ‘The Legend’ of ‘The Man’ , also known as Ashton Unity, perhaps in particular this Lodge since it was so close to their home, encompassing both his mother Agnes’ fundraising and his father’s skill with numbers and odds and risk, a boon for any local Friendly Society requiring actuarial expertise. The Friendly Societies operated at a functional level as a mutual assurance body, taking a few pence every week off the working classes to enable sick pay, funerals, payments on death etc and became very prevalent from 1750 onwards, reaching their hey days before the 1911 Act came in and the 1948 Welfare system. In introducing National Insurance the government used the Friendly Societies actuarial tables to start them off, and one wonders what happened to the jobs of those employed by the Friendly Societies as their actuaries?

By 1871, according to The Friendly Societies in England 1815 – 1875 by PHJH Gosden (1961) Lancashire and Yorkshire were the two most popular places for LOAS Lodges to spring up, with 101 of them dotted around Yorkshire 55 years before Savile was born, with a combined membership of just over 7,000 members in Savile’s home county. It was quite a network then, one has to wonder whether it grew between 1871 – 1943 beyond 101 lodges or shrunk in power?

“According to Savile, Vince’s chief gift in life was a flair for arithmetic. He rose at 11 each day because the horse racing didn’t start until 12, meaning the children had to tiptoe around the house before school.” (Loc 655 Dan Davies, In plain sight)

“Savile’s father, Vince, held down regular if poorly paid employment with Jim Windsor, a bookmaker who took a certain pride in defying the law by accepting wagers from the working men of Leeds – off-course betting was illegal up until 1960. Operating out of a ‘blower room’ above a parade of shops on Vicar Lane, Vince Savile took such bets and issued handwritten slips through a small hole in the door. Outside, a lookout kept watch for the Black Marias that would periodically cart off those caught in the act.” (Loc 583 In Plain Sight, Dan Davies)

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It appears that as they grew, so did each Friendly Societies desire to develop it’s own little versions of masonic rites, just to be different.

By all accounts Vincent Savile Senior was a shrewd calculator of odds, whether it be in the game of what would become formalised as ‘turf accountancy’, betting on horse racing being the only legal form of gambling until the law changed in 1960 and took London by storm with the Clermont Club opening, or possibly in addition keeping the numbers for a LOAS lodge or two.

Did Savile consider himself ‘An Odd Fellow’ ?

Savile often refers to himself as ‘odd’ or not very ‘odd’, either way he encourages speculation on his ‘oddness’ and associates himself closely with the word in a conspicuous manner:

“It was important to him to present his triumphs as unprompted eureka moments. “I didn’t have an outside inspiration,” he insisted. “I was recognising an opportunity.” He worked hard to perpetuate his image of messianic oddness, whose successes grew from ignoring any and all conventions. “I was always odd. They could never understand why I was odd.”

Let’s not underestimate his oddness: in an era when the Beatles got stick for having hair slightly longer than their dads’, Savile was going round with a tartan mullet. When briefly a conscript coalminer he worked a shift completely naked so he could surprise his workmates by walking out in a spotless suit and tie. (Or so he says – Savile biographer Dan Davies’ dogged research casts doubt about his tales as a “Bevin Boy”.)”

 “Oddly enough, almost the only person to get a good word from Tebbit (apart from Boris Johnson, who he loves, but doesn’t see as PM material) is Jimmy Savile, with whom the couple became friends through charitable work at Stoke Mandeville hospital.

“I’ve got no doubt Jimmy Savile was a very odd fellow, and I’m pretty sure he was in breach of the law on a number of matters. But I do not know that it’s possible, 40 years on, to do justice in the sense of knowing just how many of those allegations are complete and true.”

His wife is nodding as he goes on: “Jimmy did a great deal of good, as well as wrong. And in anybody’s life, you have to look at both sides of the ledger.”

I ask if the revelations have changed his feelings towards Savile. “Well, I always had my worries about Jimmy, because he was a very odd fellow.” What did he fear he might be up to? “I would not have been surprised to find he was having homosexual relationships with young people.” But he wasn’t homosexual, was he? “Not in general, no, as I understand it.”

Some Friendly Society members referred to themselves as oddfellows, but not all, according to a 2010 article in The Independent ‘Minor British Institutions: The Oddfellows’. One wonders if it’s possible that Savile’s own and/or family connections to the Ashton Unity LOAS at Belle Vue Woodhouse made Savile particularly repetitive with the phrase ‘odd fellow’ due to family pride in Savile Senior’s role as ‘insurance agent’ or book keeper to the Lodge(s) or profitable fundraising activities?

The people who call themselves oddfellows are members of various friendly societies, but not all friendly societies call themselves oddfellows.

Friendly societies, by the way, were all that working people had to fall back on in the days before the NHS and the welfare state. They evolved out of the old medieval guilds and remain free associations of folk who band together to pay contributions to a fund that will cover them in times of sickness, unemployment and when they get to old age.

The benefits are modest by modern standards. The nation’s largest group of Oddfellows is the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows, with 120,000 members and 151 branches. This giant among friendlies was founded in 1810 (it celebrates its 200th anniversary tomorrow) and can trace its origins back to the exile of the Israelites from Babylon in 587BC, so they say.

Nowadays the “social” side of the society is more important than the benefits. No one knows where the name “oddfellow” comes from.

So either from inception or somewhere between 1810 – 1945 Manchester Unity of Oddfellows swelled in ranks and became suffused with a version of the Lost Tribes of Israel Myth. Judging by the alternative name of Ashton Unity as the Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds, they too presumably adopted some form of mythic origin direct from Abraham, the ancient loyal Chaldean Shepherd with whom God first covenants and would according to Savile “know the secret”.

Did Savile consider himself a Druid?

In 1993 The Independent reported that Margaret Thatcher had visited an Arch Druid’s playground in Cornwall while on a golfing holiday with Dennis. As it Happens, the garden contained a stone from the Governor of the Falkland Islands and the Arch Druid owner named Savile and Billy Graham as his spiritual mentors. The friendly society the Ancient Order of the Druids put forward a descendancy from Noah via Japeth and allied themselves with a revealed antediluvian belief linking Great Briton to the ancient celtic Britons.

Tudor Parfitt, in The Lost Tribes of Israel: The History of a Myth writes of The Invisible Hebrews – A Myth of Albion, the title of Chapter Three, commences with a quote from William Blake (p.36)

“Jerusalem was, and is, the Emanation of the Giant Albion…Your ancestors derived their origin from Abraham, Heber, Shem, and Noah, who were Druids.”

Blake used the name Albion in its traditional meaning, as an ancient synonym for Britain.

The Independent (London) May 13, 1996, Monday, Letter: Blake’s druids

“Sir:

The Church of Scotland is dropping “Jerusalem” from its new hymnal because Blake said “England” when he should have said “Britain”, not because it is saying “no” in answer to the first verse. Although it cannot be proved, there is absolutely no reason why Jesus should not have come to Britain during his “silent” years. James Samuel Cole (letter, 8 May) is wrong to claim that Blake’s hymn is based on the British Israelite myth. His ideas were the opposite and came from the 18th-century Celtic revival. He believed the patriarchs of the Old Testament were descended from the druids of Britain. Before we pronounce Blake “loony” we should keep an open mind. The great strength of his question “And did those feet . . .?” is that nobody knows the answer.

The Rev Gordon Strachan Edinburgh”

Despite William Blake existing over 500 years ago, his influence as a prophet or seer amongst those who are persuaded they are descended from the Chosen People, or even God’s holy lineage, remains extremely strong. Re-reading earlier responses to Ovenden’s arrest in 1994 (and the Ruralist Brotherhood which is very similar to the Shoreham Ancients formed around William Blake during the 1820s towards the end of his life) we later see people like Graham Ovenden alluding to Blake and “the state of grace” in his trial, and subsequently convicted for sexual offences against children including forcing his penis into the mouth of blindfolded children who had come to sit for paintings. Presumably by taking on the task of ‘corrupting’ children personally Ovenden was better able to paint their state of grace and subsequent enforced fall from that state at his own instigation? It was certainly convenient in encouraging others to ignore his ‘eccentricities’ behind describing his Barley Splatt house as a prelapsarian, pagan, pre-Judeo-Christian, Edenic idyll where naked children could run free, both unashamed and unafraid of predators or voyeurs.

“Referring to one of his subjects, an alleged victim in the case who cannot be named for legal reasons, he said: “(She) was a beautiful child – not only as she was, as you see her in front of a camera, but also as a person.

“It think it is important that someone pays homage to that and place her in a state of grace.

“I think holding those things, by photography or painting, is a moral obligation.”

Referencing esteemed English poet William Blake, Ovenden described the “state of grace” as “a thing of wondrous beauty”.

In one of several references to Christianity in court today, Ovenden said: “Imagine Adam and Eve before the serpent – there’s no shame.

“We’re not born with trousers, skirts, shirts and shoes. One of the great qualities of art is to go back to the great point, the Garden of Eden.”

He described the “Christian guilt complex” as being responsible for the addition of fig leaves in artwork from the 17th century on, to prevent figures from being completely nude.

Ovenden told the court how he had photographed children both clothed and partially clothed, in the presence of others, including the alleged victim’s relatives.

He also told the court how he was also asked to take pictures of his subjects, including nude children.

He told the court: “I have to say the absolute witch-hunt which is going on at the moment – and the idea of a child naked is something to be frowned upon – is absolutely abhorrent.” (Graham Ovenden Trial: I have a moral obligation to paint children, The Telegraph, 21 March 2013)

Songs of Experience
A Little Boy Lost
‘NOUGHT 1 loves another as itself,
Nor venerates another so,
Nor is it possible to Thought
A greater than itself to know:
‘And, Father, how can I love you         5
Or any of my brothers more?
I love you like the little bird
That picks up crumbs around the door.’
The Priest sat by and heard the child,
In trembling zeal he seiz’d his hair:         10
He led him by his little coat,
And all admir’d the priestly care.
And standing on the altar high,
Lo! what a fiend is here,’ said he,
‘One who sets reason up for judge         15
Of our most holy Mystery.’
The weeping child could not be heard,
The weeping parents wept in vain;
They stripp’d him to his little shirt,
And bound him in an iron chain;         20
And burn’d him in a holy place,
Where many had been burn’d before:
The weeping parents wept in vain.
Are such things done on Albion’s shore?

Savile: Defender of the Empire?

While the British Israeli movement would produce many leaders, all who liked to write at length, Parfitt notes:

“From the final decades of the nineteenth century until the present day, thousands of books have been devoted to the British-Israelite idea, not one of which makes the slightest sense in purely historical terms.” (my emphasis)

As the British Empire swelled under Queen Victoria, John Wilson was to popularise the Lost Tribes myth far and wide, publishing between 1840 – 1844 Our Israelitish Origin, producing 5 editions by 1876. His key idea was the at the European ‘race’, specifically Anglo-Saxons, were descended from the Scythian tribes, who were descended from the Lost Tribes.

By 1885, the British-Israelism movement had become a ‘sanctification and validation of the British Empire.‘ H.W.J. Senior wrote in The British Israelites p.16,

“We have many faults yet for all that it will be admitted that we are a great nation. What is the secret of Britain’s greatness? If it is proved that the British are Israelites, the whole History of England will be understood with a right point of view; and that is, that God’s dealing with her, being Israel, show forth that He is true, faithful, and “Covenant” keeping: this is the true secret of England’s greatness.”

 

Royalty indulging in Seven Degrees of Separation…from Kevin Bacon  the Royal House of David?

By the turn of the century the British-Israelite craze had reached frenzied proportions amongst certain groups, not least amongst the powerful or wealthy who had the time, notion or could afford to employ geneaologists to support any claims they may wish to make to divine origin.

By 1902, C. L. Totten, a retired resident of Milford, New Haven in Conneticut, USA and a former military science and tactics Professor at Yale, had engaged in a genealogical exercise, attempting to prove the Davidic ancestry of the British royal family. Julia Field King, a student of Mary Eddy Baker of the Christian Scientist movement,

“put extensive research into trying to prove this; she went even further into trying to prove that Mary Baker Eddy herself was a descendant of King David. Mrs Eddy came to be a believer in British Israelism; Eddy was also attracted to this notion because she believed that it could boost the Christian Science movement in England.[16] In 1898, Mary Baker Eddy wrote a poem titled “The United States To Great Britain” In this poem, Mrs. Eddy refers to the United States and Great Britain as “Anglo-Israel,” and our “brother,” Great Britain, as “Judah’s sceptred race”.[17]

In a letter in 1902 to Julia Field titled “King of a work tracing the lineage of Queen Victoria back to King David,” Mary Baker Eddy wrote:

“Your work, ‘The Royal House of Britain an Enduring Dynasty,’ is indeed masterful: one of the most remarkable Biblical researches in that direction ever accomplished. Its data and the logic of its events sustain its authenticity, and its grandeur sparkles in the words, ‘King Jesus.'” In the words of Jeremiah, quoted in the book: “David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the House of Israel.” (Jer. 33:17)

“Invited one day to tea with the Queen Mother at St James’s Palace, it was all very nice and chatty and fun. After Queen Mum had gone the guests trickled away. We were in the throne room at the time and the Most Important Seat was roped off with golden cords. As it happens the ropes were only eighteen inches from the ground and offered no barrier. Having done most things yet but not say on the Throne of England, the temptation was too much. All had gone save a handful. No one was looking. Treason or not, it was too good to miss. A quick step over the rope and gentle sit down. There may have been other short-lived occupants of that throne but none with such an eyes-close and blissful smile as mine. I thought of knighting myself while I was there but I didn’t have the sword.” (AIH, Savile, p.150)

Jeremiah pops up a lot in British Israelite prophecy, perhaps related to the belief that it was his curse on the King Solomon’s line that consequently forces the last king of Judea’s daughter to flee and end up in Ancient Britain see here

In 1883, at the height of British-Israelism ideological support for the Empire and Monarchy, Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, also known as the Princess Alice of Albany (25 February 1883 – 3 January 1981) was born at Windsor Castle to V&A’s youngest son, Prince Leopold of Albany. From wikipedia below:

She was a member of the British Royal Family. She was the longest-lived Princess of the Blood Royal of the British Royal Family and the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria. She also held the titles of Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess in Saxony from birth, as well as a Princess of Teck by marriage, until 1917 when she was commanded to relinquish them by theLetters Patent of George V. She was godmother to Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, who is the granddaughter of her first cousin, QueenWilhelmina of the Netherlands.

Aged 46, perhaps persuaded of her own divine lineage Countess Athlone becomes Patron-in-Chief to the newly formed British Israel World Federation in 1919. As Vicereine of South Africa during the 1930s and then Canada, while travelling with her husband the Earl of Athlone as Governor General of Canada helping to build up morale during 1940-46, the news the Britishers are the Chosen People has already spread to the further corners of the British Empire, even as it is crumbling. From Wikipedia on British Israelism:

In 1919 the British-Israel-World Federation was founded in London. During this time, several prominent figures patronized the organisation: Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, was Patron-in-chief in pre-World War II days. One of the most notable members was William Massey, then Prime Minister of New Zealand.

Due to the expansive nature of the British Empire, believers in British Israelism spread worldwide. It became most prevalent in the United StatesEngland, and various Commonwealthnations. The theory was widely promoted in the United States during the 20th century.

Howard Rand promoted the theory and became National Commissioner of the Anglo-Saxon Federation of America in 1928. He published The Bulletin, later renamed The Messenger of the Covenant. More recently, it has been renamed Destiny. It is issued by Destiny Publishers.[10]

Three years after the formation of the World Federation, the Queen’s father, Prince Albert, then 27 years old and fourth in line to the throne and Countess Athlone’s nephew was heartily belonging to the royal family of the ‘Chosen Race’. In The Independent, 6 April, 1996 there appeared a facsimile of a letter written by George VI in 1922, when he was Albert, the Duke of York. In the letter, the future father of Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret, wrote:

”I am sure the British Israelite business is true. I have read a lot about it lately and everything no matter how large or small points to our being ’the chosen race’.”

NEW GOVERNOR GENERAL OF SOUTH AFRICA

In 1936 the BIWF moved into illustrious offices at No 6 Buckingham Gate, next door to their Biblical Teaching College at No 4.

And finally…Savile as King Solomon ‘of Pop’?

Savile liked to be known as King Solomon. He particularly liked it to be known that John Lennon addressed him as ‘King Solomon’ and in later interviews during the ‘Noughties he kept coming back to his love of young women as no different to that of King Solomon’s 1,000 woman and child concubines.

In his last interview with Alex Belfield he said:

“I’m a rare breed in so far as I’m a single fella. My aim was not to have one wife but to have 1,000, like King Solomon.

“It was terrific, like those sheiks who have harems”

The Irish Independent’s obituary to Savile also mentions Savile’s fondness for being likened to King Solomon ‘of pop’:

“His trademark mixture of gurning and garrulity, pioneered on ‘Top of the Pops’, inspired an entirely new genre of television presentation — what one observer called the “attention-seeking, nutty-prankster school” — but Savile also saw himself in a more serious role as the King Solomon of pop, dispensing words of wisdom and advice to young musicians. “I never forgot they were the talent and we were just presenters,” he explained.” [The Irish Independent, October 2011]

It’s a label Savile likes to repeatedly self-apply in the strangest of circumstances:

“Quietly moving the enormous wooden seat a few yards meant I could sit, like King Solomon, in the silent, sleeping hall wearing the portable hairdryer.” (AIH, p.108)

“At 2am one morning there came a small knock on my door in Manchester. Standing there was a young, super-shape girl. About seventeen or eighteen I estimated. Manchester is a big city and such things can happen.

‘I saw your light on,’ she said and stood there waiting for her chemistry to take effect on me,

Normally such manna would be consumed but my guardian angel works, thank goodness, a twenty-four hour shift.

‘I’m just going out,’ says I with great effort and cursing myself for being chicken, ‘but I’ll be back in an hour.’

Such King Solomon decision gave me an each-way bet.” (p.144)

 

 

 

52 years on: The Forgotten Fly in the Reshuffle

1962: An MP on trial, the Solicitor-General his Defence Counsel and Macmillan’s timely Night of the Long Knives (13th July)

Horobin in 1934, National Portrait Gallery, http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw120053/Sir-Ian-Macdonald-Horobin

Horobin in 1934, National Portrait Gallery, http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw120053/Sir-Ian-Macdonald-HorobinA fly in the reshuffle

Sir Ian Horobin MP, Laurens Van Der Post Will Black’s recent article for his Huffington Post blog here asks whether Cameron’s cabinet reshuffle wasn’t more window dressing designed to distract from the ongoing pressure on the Palace of Westminster to take itself seriously as just another institution under investigation for child abuse allegations? 52 years earlier on the same date, 13th July, Harold Macmillan, Conservative Prime Minister, culled one third of his Cabinet. Remarkably, at the time of the reshuffle, a resolutely unremorseful Sir Ian Horobin MP (Con. Oldham East) was due to stand trial five days later  for a number of indecent assaults on teenage boys during 1958-1961 as reported in The Times on 16 May 1962. Horobin, aged 31 had briefly been Conservative MP for Southwark for a term between the wars (1931 – 1934) and didn’t return to politics until 6 years after the war in 1951 as MP for greater Manchester constituency Oldham East. We get a taste for Horobin’s enthusiasm in a letter to the Editor of The Times written 10 years before his conviction: Screen Shot 2014-07-07 at 14.36.30

 “May I intervene in the correspondence about research into youth work? My only qualification is 30 years’ slogging hard work in one small corner of that field. I do so to say heaven preserve us from any more inquiries…”

Somewhat ironic in the context of Theresa May’s recent capitulation to calls for an overarching inquiry. Three years after this letter Horobin received a knighthood for his good works with East End boys. Five days after the reshuffle, on  17 July 1962 Sir Ian Horobin pleaded guilty to a number of indecent assaults on boys at the Fairbairn Boys’ Club in Plaistow. Here he had lived in a bedsit above the dining room on the premises, despite being an MP in a Greater Manchester constituency for ten years. Someone who did rather well out of Macmillan’s reshuffle was Peter Rawlinson, a QC and Conservative MP for Epsom in Surrey, and at the time engaged as Horobin’s defence counsel, against Mervyn Griffiths for the Crown.

Sir Peter Rawlinson (Solicitor General under Macmillan 1962-1964; Attorney General under Ted Heath 1970-74; Attorney General for Northern Ireland 1972-1974) photo 1 (7)

In his autobiography, A price too high, published in 1989, Rawlinson’s Prologue details how the day before Horobin was due in court to, Rawlinson was summoned by Macmillan to be offered the position of Solicitor General. Rawlinson asks 48 hours grace to undertake an ‘unusually distasteful’ task of completing Horobin’s defence. Supermac, appearing to have forgotten any headlines reporting the case, asks why Horobin hadn’t the decency to do a runner like Willie Beauchamp, presumably referring to William Lygone, 7th Earl of Beauchamp, former leader of the Liberals in the House of Lords and Governor General of New South Wales (supposedly the model for Lord Marchmain in Evelyn Waugh’s Brideshead Revisited).

“The following day I performed my ‘unusually distasteful’, and extremely difficult, task. My client had at one time wanted me in my speech in mitigation of his offences to impress upon the judge that in the East, when a city had been stormed and sacked, it was not only the girls who were raped. Then he wanted me to say that often the boys he had seduced in their youth had later brought their own sons to join the club, so where was the harm? Again I suggested that this line might not altogether appeal to the sentencing judge. In the event the trial lasted only a few hours. Sir Ian pleaded guilty and was sentenced, as he had been warned, to a substantial term of imprisonment.” (A Price Too High, Peter Rawlinson, p.5)

Daily Express, 14 April 1962

Daily Express, 14 April 1962

Daily Mirror 4 June 1962

Daily Mirror 4 June 1962

“A 15-year old boy told the court that after he joined the boys’ club at the age of 11, Sir Ian asked if he collected foreign stamps and invited him to his room to get some.

While there, the boy added, Sir Ian committed an offence. He was given his stamps and afterwards he attended chapel – and so did Sir Ian.” [Daily Mirror, 4 June 1962]

Screen Shot 2015-05-30 at 01.14.40

Screen Shot 2015-05-30 at 01.14.58

Screen Shot 2015-05-29 at 22.41.12

Daily Mirror, 19 June 1962

Screen Shot 2015-05-29 at 22.41.29

contd. from above, Daily Mirror, 19 June 1962

Mirror, 18 July 1962

Mirror, 18 July 1962

Horobin was sentenced to four years in prison and moved to Tangiers on his release, where boys were in more plentiful supply with less fear of criminal repercussions.

Screen Shot 2015-05-29 at 22.47.43

Daily Express, Wednesday 18 July 1962

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contd., Daily Express, 18 July 1962

Screen Shot 2015-05-30 at 00.43.32

Screen Shot 2015-05-30 at 00.43.45

‘He referred to homosexuals as “us poor devils who are born like this; nothing can change me. It is natural for some people to love boys in this way.” Subsequently at a party Horobin said the touch of a woman sickened him and the law on homosexuality was silly.’

Obituary of Edward Larkin - Woodrow, David. British Medical Journal, International edition325.7371 (Nov 2, 2002): 1041

Obituary of Edward Larkin – Woodrow, David. British Medical Journal, International edition325.7371 (Nov 2, 2002): 1041

Screen Shot 2015-05-30 at 00.41.05

A War Hero, Fallen…

In 1923, having already fought in the Great War serving in the RNVR and at the youthful age of 24, Horobin had become Warden of Mansfield House University Settlement including Fairbairn Hall, Plaistow in East London. His father had been Principal of Homerton College, Cambridge. Here at No. 310, Barking Road not too far from the Mile End Road’s Regal Billiard Hall in Eric Road where by the mid-fifties a twenty year old Ronnie Kray was also admiring the view of boys taking their shots at the snooker tables, Horobin could be found patting boys on the rear as they took their shot,

“Fairbairn Boys Club was founded in the late 1800’s by Lady Trowe in the Leas Hall, Canning Town, for the underpriviledged children of the East End. Fairbairn is actually a Scottish word meaning ‘good child’. The Club moved to Fairbairn hall in Barking Road, Plaistow in 1923 where it flourished in all sports including Boxing, Rugby, Cricket and Football. Famous sports personalities to emerge through the Club are Billy Walker, Terry Spinks, Graham Gooch, Alan Sealey and Alan Curbishley …” http://www.londonaba.co.uk/clubs/North-East/Fairbairn-ABC

“Decline followed the First World War of 1914-18. In1920 residents returned to Mansfield House. 1921 saw the setting up of teacher training courses. In 1923 the Men’s club premises were sold. However Ian (later Sir Ian) Horobin, honorary warden 1923-61 revived and expanded the local work. In 1926 the Lady Trower Trust was formed to administer East Ham playing fields (between present day Burgess Road and the A40) and camp-sites at Lambourne End and Sandwich. 1928, and social work training courses were set up; 1931 Fairbairn Hall was re-designed and extended and opened by Duke and Duchess of York (later King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth); 1935: new residences built in Avenons Road; 1938: chapel added with 100 Anglican and Non-Conformist ordination candidates a year. By 1938 Fairbairn Boys and Men’s Clubs had a membership of 5000.”

http://www.newhamstory.com/node/2584 “Fairbairn House, originally opened in 1900, was greatly enlarged during the 1930s incorporating a beautiful Art Deco interior designed by the architect Grey Wornum, who was also responsible for the interiors of the Cunard ocean liner Queen Elizabeth. New sports facilities at Burges Road, in East Ham (1925), and a sixty acre farm on the outskirts of London at Lambourne End (1935) – used for camping and other outdoor activities – were presented to the Settlement by the Lady Trower Trust.” http://www.aston-mansfield.org.uk/about/our-history/

As Matthew Parris and Kevin Maguire also point out, it was for Horobin’s charitable work in the East End, including prodigious fund-raising, Macmillan was to offer him a peerage in 1962.

“In 1923 he had practically re-founded the Mansfield House University Settlement, a young men’s and boy’s club, raising over half a million pounds for its upkeep. He was its warden, living in a small bedsit above the dining room.” (Great Parliamentary Scandals,  2004 edition, p.144 below)

So far, so very Smith & Savile…like Smith’s control over Knowl View in Rochdale, trumpeting his own ‘social work’ skills and sacrifices in letters to Social Work Today and Savile’s propensity to secure himself living quarters at various institutions across the British Isles and raise vast sums of money, Horobin’s charitable and philanthropic front also gave him access and opportunity to abuse. Parris and Maguire relay Terence Stamp’s memories of Horobin from his autobiography:

“After boxing bouts the boys would occasionally find Horobin supervising proceedings in the communal bath area, perched on a shooting stick. They called him ‘Spike’. One old boy, the actor Terence Stamp, recalls how ‘there was all kinds of gossip about Sir Ian, the strongest being that he was a bit of a “ginger beer”.’ Despite the rumours, Stamp’s autobiography describes how, aged fourteen, he was ‘chuffed’ to receive an invitation to Horobin’s flat one Saturday afternoon to show off some paintings he had entered in a competition.” (Great Parliamentary Scandals, p.144)

The facilities were a vast draw to the 1950s East-End/Essex teenaged boy and many a friendship and sporting careers were begun at Fairbairn House. Billy Walker, an amateur boxer while working as a doorman for Savile at the Ilford Palais, aged 16, trained at Fairbairn Amateur Boxing Club on Barking Road

“The Second World War of 1939-45 brought disruption. Post war developments saw Joan Littlewoods’ Acting School accommodated (1961). By 1962 membership had dropped to one third after Ian Horobins’ departure.”  http://www.newhamstory.com/node/2584

Perhaps coincidentally it was through Joan Littlewood that Tom Driberg MP would come to know the Krays who were part of the milieu celebrating ‘Sparrers can’t Sing’ although already wary of being seen with the Krays: “Tom Driberg didn’t turn up.  He’d already been photographed with the Krays and didn’t like it.” It was during Joan Littlewood’s use of Horobin’s Fairbairn facilities, also used by The Mansfield Players, that reports of Horobin’s behaviour with boys had finally been reported to the Deputy Warden in 1961.

“Ian Horobin (1899 – 1976), a war hero who had shown exemplary courage as a prisoner of the Japanese, sat as Conservative MP for Oldham East from 1951 to 1959, serving as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Power during his last year in the House of Commons. In 1962 Macmillan recommended him for a life peerage, and his elevation had been gazetted when Horobin suddenly withdrew his acceptance of it owing to the fact that, in the interim, he had been charged with indecent assault. For almost forty years, he had served as Warden of Mansfield House University Settlement, a club for boys and young men in the East End, where he lived in a small flat: his work there was recognised with a knighthood in 1955, but his homosexual tastes were common knowledge among the boys, who were well rewarded if they agreed to satisfy his fairly innocent desires, and with some of whom he formed affectionate relationships. However, in 1961 his activities were denounced to the authorities by a clergyman, and after a trial at which he was defended by a former parliamentary colleague, the future Attorney-General Peter Rawlinson QC, he was sent to prison for four years. Horobin, who spent his last years in Tangier, remained unrepentant about his way of life, telling his friend the poet John Betjeman” “I broke the law with my eyes open all my life until I went to prison. I broke it in prison. I broke it immediately I came out of prison, and I have not the slightest intention of ever paying any attention to it.’

[Closet Queens, Michael Bloch, 2015 Loc 2886/5565]

10 shillings in today’s money is just under £10; £2 in 1962 is worth just under £40 today.

I can’t really work out why there’s still such an indulgent attitude to this very day regarding Sir Ian Horobin’s abuse of underage boys, or why he is considered to be gay when his sexual preferences were quite clearly for boys under the age of 16 and his development of Fairbairn Hall was driven by the same desires as Sir Cyril Smith – to provide him with a selection of children from which to choose. Perhaps Parris, Maguire and Bloch have either not read the newspaper reports of his offences at the time (or Rawlinson’s autobiography) or they have done their research and instead wish to gloss over sexual assaults of 11 year olds as if they’re a quaint peccadillo and synonymous with being gay which sadly is exactly the kind of conflation PIE and PIE’s Peter Righton capitalised on.

Enter Horobin’s faithful defender: Laurens Van Der Post…Another Knight with a tarnished reputation (The Oxford Times, 18/10/2012, Chris Gray) 

In his early forties by the time  the Second World War broke out, Horobin served in the RAF as a squadron leader and became  a Japanese Prisoner of War with Laurens Van Der Post in Soekaboemi in Java. Van Der Post who died in December 1996 became spiritual guru to first the Prince of Wales during the 70s through his wife Ingaret becoming Charles’ Jungian psychoanlsyst , and then as an informal adviser to Margaret Thatcher, his Chelsea neighbour, during the Falklands War. Van Der Post considered he owed his life to Horobin (The night of the new moon, 1970) and  wrote in 1989 to the Times saying:

” Ian Horobin , a minister-to-be in Macmillan’s government, frail and badly tortured at the outset, was one of the few I could trust with the knowledge of our secret radio. He came to me the day after the news of Hiroshima to say: “At prayers this morning I watched our hosts as usual bowing to the rising sun. Poor devils. Bloody poor devils!” and he burst into tears.”

Prior to the WWII Laurens Van Der Post had come to Britain from South Africa, the Woolfs publishing his first book  In a Province (1934) via William Plomer’s contacts and having struck up a relationship with the Queen Mum’s poetry writing cousin Lilian Bowes-Lyon, he settled his wife and son in a farm in Tetbury for a bit before sending them back to South Africa during the war where he didn’t see them for ten years. Following the War, he claimed to have become an aide to Lord Mountbatten in Indonesia where his Dutch language skills were in demand.

Five years following the war saw Lord Reith (the first and former head of the BBC in the 1920s recently noted for his interest in a 14 year old boys and a 12 year old girl) as head of the Colonial Development Centre asking Van Der Post to investigate the Kalahari Bushmen and during the 1950s Van Der Post’s reputation as an ‘explorer’ became settled. In 1982 Laurens Van Der Post’s position as a close friend of Prince Charles was cemented when he was appointed as godfather to Prince William at the same time he was bending Thatcher’s grateful ear on the Falklands. In 1983 two books of his,  The Seed and the Sower (1963) and The Night of the New Moon (1970) were to form the basis of the 1983 film Merry Christmas Mr Lawrence starring David Bowie. However, in the early 1950s, while his friend Horobin was preying on teen boys, Van De Post was also known to have impregnated a 14 year old daughter of a family friend he’d been entrusted to look after on a sea voyage when he was 46, just before his second marriage to Jungian analyst, Ingaret. Apparently he sent money although never properly acknowledging the daughter he’d left the child with or how she’d had to return home alone from her place at the Royal Ballet School, a fact confirmed by one of Van Der Post’s daughters 11 years ago, Lucia – now a Times beauty and luxe spending journalist:

“As for Mr. Jones’s allegations about her father’s relationship with a 14-year-old girl, ”I’m afraid I think that’s true,” Ms. Crichton-Miller said. ”He was not a saint. He hurt people. He hurt me. But by God, he was fascinating.” Master StoryTeller or Master DeceiverNew York Times, 03/08/2003

New York Times, 03/08/2003

New York Times, 03/08/2003

“In the 1970’s van der Post met Prince Charles through mutual friends. In 1987 he took Charles on a four-day trip to the Kalahari, telling the prince, ”This is the real Africa.” Mr. Jones states that sometime in the mid-70’s, Charles began having psychoanalytic treatment with Ingaret, who was a Jungian analyst, and then with van der Post’s friend Dr. Alan McGlashan. Diana, Princess of Wales, was also treated by Dr. McGlashan during the troubles in her marriage, Mr. Jones writes. Christian Science Monitor Charles told van der Post his dreams, and van der Post drafted some of his speeches. When van der Post died, Charles set up an annual lecture in his honor. But van der Post’s most significant influence occurred during the South African struggle over apartheid, Mr. Jones says. Van der Post hated Nelson Mandela and championed the Zulu chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, whom he saw as a foil for the African National Congress’s Communist beliefs. He arranged meetings between Chief Buthelezi, Charles and Mrs. Thatcher. Mr. Jones argues that van der Post had helped convince Mrs. Thatcher to oppose sanctions against the South African government and not to embrace Mr. Mandela. As van der Post lay dying, Mr. Jones says, Charles visited him. At his memorial service, Lady Thatcher read the lesson and Chief Buthelezi spoke. Nonetheless, Mr. Jones writes, there were apparently some who doubted van der Post even when he was alive. Mr. Jones says that when a doctor who knew him was asked the cause of his death, the doctor replied, ”He was weary of sustaining so many lies.”

Supermac: From one scandal to another to another to resignation

In 1958 Macmillan had raised one ‘rogue’ to the House of Lords, his nemesis in love, Lord Bob Boothby who was having an affair with his wife Lady Dorothy Cavendish. On 22 August 1958, 4 years earlier, Macmillan had already offered Boothby a peerage under pressure of Boothby’s continued affair with his wife Dorothy. Lord Robert or ‘Bob’ Boothby was a cad (not a bounder as the Queen Mother would have it apparently). Within 6 years Boothby was to feature in the headline the Peer and the Gangster, see John Pearson’s article in The Sunday Independent (15th June 1996) for further details. In the meantime Macmillan’s position became increasingly unstable under the pressure of other burgeoning scandals. In December 1961 Mariella Novotny was holding her ‘sexy parties’ at 13, Hyde Park Square to which Stephen Ward was inviting Christine Keeler and Mandy Rice Davies so the long fuse of the Profumo Affair had been lit well before the fateful weekend at Cliveden. In 1962, as above, Sir Ian Horobin MP’s predatory activities on East End boys were revealed while late that year the activities of John Vassall became known, of whom Macmillan had said “You know, you should never catch a spy. Discover him and then control him but never catch him. A spy causes far more trouble once he’s caught’ (as quoted by Parris & Maguire p.147). In 1963 Lord Boothby and Tom Driberg MP social activities with the Kray’s increase in boldness with Boothby inviting Ron to the House of Lords. By October 1963 Macmillan had resigned, 18 months after he had first nominated and offered Horobin his position as a life peer.

1973: The Guardian’s Sir Ian Horobin post-script…”Even the Elms are dead.”

Sir Ian Horobin however appears to have bounced back with a poetry publication from new publishers Jameson Press at 160, Albion Road, N16 and a foreword written by John Betjeman – after having laid low in Tangiers for just over a decade. Mentions of his court case and conviction are as if it were for purely homosexual offences as opposed to sexually assaulting boys of 13 and 14, getting his ‘sweetheart’ when he reached 17 to recruit other, younger ‘sweethearts’ for him (the emotional callousness of which always belies the ‘paedophiles’ argument of love, when really they’re in love with the bloom and fade of youth at their fixated preference age) and therefore his claims to be indestructible appear to apply not just to surviving a Japanese Prisoner of War camp but  in also minimising the stigma of a reputation marred by child sexual abuse despite convictions. And what difference does it make if “Even the Elms are dead”? The Guardian Thursday 16 February Arts Section