Month: May 2015

1976: Albany Trust’s PIE & PAL minutes of meetings and was ‘John’ of the drafting committee from BBCR3?

During spring 1976, on 7th January, 18th February, 24th March and 22nd April, the Albany Trust’s Antony Grey gathered together a mix of pedophiles from PIE and PAL and a few psychiatrists and family planning medical specialists to brainstorm ideas.

Following Harold Haywood O.B.E’s declared intent to alleviate the sufferings of pedophiles and push for social acceptability in the wake of Charles Hornby’s conviction, he wanted to know how could the Albany Trust help PIE and PAL? An ongoing support group? Counselling? Sponsorship? A Pamphlet? Sexual Offenders?

For assisting with an ongoing group for pedophiles:

“Harold Haywood said that if this was intended to provide ongoing interprative (sic) and supporting help, the Albany Trust would endeavour to provide suitable participants if requested. Also the Trust would welcome referrals for individual counselling.” [Minutes, 24 March 1976, see below]

The Trust were already providing help to sexual offenders via NACRO and the Home Office,

“Albany Trust representatives reported that they were already in touch with NACRO and the Home Office over the provision of help for sexual offenders. The need to make voluntary agencies such as the Samaritans better informed about the difficulties of paedophiles was also raised, and it was felt that it was also necessary to draw in more individuals and agencies to share in the work envisaged.”

the Albany Trust were simultaneously working on (with the assistance of PIE and PAL) ways to decriminalise adult sexual activity with children and the thorny issue of how to make paedophilia more acceptable to the wider public – a dual function which was surely a recipe for disaster in terms of entrenching offenders in their own warped belief system? The language used is in itself telling, avoiding any sense of personal responsibility because adult pedophiles were ‘made’ to be ‘potential victims’ by the law of consent.

Were NACRO and the Home Office (who via the Voluntary Services Unit were already bankrolling the Trust with a £10k p.a. grant for 3 years) aware of the Trust’s dual approaches?

“The need to work towards greater awareness of the sexuality of children was emphasised. Until this was accepted as valid, any sexual activities in which children engaged would continue to be regarded as ‘child molestation’ and ‘corruption’. The legal position relating to consent, while ostensibly protective was felt to make potential victims not only of adult paedophiles but also of nearly all children when they engaged in sexual experimentation and were found out in doing so. Public opinion – and especially medical opinion – was felt to be crucial on this issue. It needed to be emphasised that there were more positive ways of protecting children in their period of sexual development than through the criminal law.”

In Keith Hose’s response to the Criminal Law Review Commission in 1975 a civil system had been recommended following Dr John Robinson, Bishop of Woolwich’s initial proposal on the age of consent being turned into an age for protection bounded by civil enforcement alone.

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2nd meeting, 18th February 1976

A familiar name is Iain Melville of PAL, who had been featured in the Sunday People expose of PAL on 25 May 1975 (excerpted below), over 6 months prior to being invited to the Albany Trust’s Paedophile forum. Meville was reported as having trained as a teacher and worked for two local authorities as a child welfare officer, with a particular interest in boys under the age of 10 and a knack for worming his way into the confidence of officials running children’s homes,

“They’ll think you might donate a TV set or something and they’ll fall over themselves to offer you a kid,” he told a PAL meeting. [ The Vilest Men in Britain, Sunday People, 25 May 1975]

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David Bloomfield, Sunday People extract 1

David Bloomfield, aged 28-30, who while working at the Institute of Mechanical Engineers at 1 Birdcage Walk not only had an office view of St James’s Park with children playing which he boasted about, he also had a vantage point over the entry point into the park from Parliament Square which he didn’t boast about.

“In the 1970s Smith was arrested on a number of occasions in public toilets in London’s St James’s Park, a regular haunt for young male prostitutes after dark, but always walked free.”

Read more:

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David Bloomfield, Sunday People extract 2

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David Bloomfield, Sunday People extract 3

Warren Middleton (aka John Parratt) Paedophiles jailed after 3,000 abuse drawings found [The Guardian 15 July 2011]

Keith Hose (Chairman of PIE and NCCL Gay Rights Committee member) and also

In typewritten notes of the group’s addresses and a list of who to invite to attend, the only clue as to which organisation Ian Bell is from is his name crossed out and replaced with that of Chad Varah’s the Founder of The Samaritans, appointed by the Grocer’s Company at St Stephen’s Walbrook – to whom Rev. Michael Butler of the Albany Trust (sometimes styled as ‘Counselling Trustee’) had long been Deputy Director of the Samaritans. The meeting did discuss the need for the Samaritans to be knowledgeable about the difficulties of pedophiles. Chad Varah’s appointment at St Stephen’s Walbrook came under control of the Grocer’s Company and their Patron – the Queen Mother.


Dr Fay Hutchinson had been advising teenagers since opening the first Youth Advisory Centre for the Family Planning Association 1964 in Ilford and then Leytonstone, rising to become Medical Spokesman for the Brook Advisory Centres. [Obituary, Journal of Family Planning & Reproductive Healthcare, 2009: 35(4)]

In the seating notes below John Heather is identified on the seating plan as ‘Secretary, PAL’ sitting to the right of Harold Haywood.

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John Holmstrom

John Holmstrom

Sitting on Haywood’s left was John Holmstrom,  a 48 year old former BBC Radio 3 presenter and theatre critic for the New Statesman where the Homosexual Law Reform Society’s C. R. Hewitt (former policeman Bill Hewitt) had worked on the editorial staff from 1964 – 1970. Holmstrom was also great friends with the theatrical agent Peggy Ramsay who had as two of her clients J.B. Priestly (one of the founding members of the Albany Trust along with his wife Jacquetta Hawkes, the Trust being named after the ‘set’ in Albany, Piccadilly the group first met in) and Jo Orton. Holmstrom’s play ‘A Quaint Honour’ focused on a prefect being ‘dared’ to seduce another boy by his fag and in doing so falls in love.

“The play was championed by the influential theatrical agent Peggy Ramsay, who arranged for it to be produced at the Arts Theatre Club in London, which was beyond the jurisdiction of the Lord Chamberlain, who then had powers of censorship.” [The Stage, Obituary for John Holmstrom, 2013]

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English Schoolboy Stories: An Annotated Bibliography of Hardcover Fiction By Benjamin Watson

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Click to link to Kings College Cambridge full obituary for Holmstrom, 2014

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Historical Boys Clothing website

In March 1976 5 of the 10 present at February’s meeting attend (Melville & Heather from PAL, Grey and Haywood for Albany Trust and Dr Fay Hutchinson with no PIE attendees present) as well as Dr Maurice Yaffe, Principal Clinical Psychologist at Guy’s Hospital.

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Maurice Yaffe, Taking the Fear out of Flying  Maurice Yaffe obituary, British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 24, 1, 69

In 1979 the British Report of the Committee on Obscenity and Film Censorship, chaired by Professor Bernard Williams, came to conclusions about the evidence very similar to those reached by the U.S. commission in 1970. Specifically it concluded that “it is still possible to say, as Mr Yaffe points out in his updated review, that there does not appear to be any strong evidence that exposure to sexually explicit material triggers off anti-social behaviour’ (Williams, 1979, p.66) [quote from Pornography and Sexual Aggression edited by Neil M. Malamuth, p143-144]

Dr Maurice Yaffe (who updated the Appendix of Lord Longford’s Pornography Report 1972 for the benefit of the Committee somehow?) presented evidence to the Williams Committee that there were no links evidenced between viewing pornography and acting on it to the harm of others.

“In a factsheet prepared by the Paedophile Information Exchange (PIE), the organisation observed that teachers, clergymen, scoutmasters and youth workers were particularly prone to “child love”. It said: “Paedophiles are naturally drawn to work involving children, for which many of them have extraordinary talent and devotion (often they are also the ones the children value most). If this field were to be ‘purged’, there would be a damaging reduction of people left to do the work.”

Maurice Yaffe, a senior clinical psychologist, identified the same four professions in an article for a medical pamphlet, saying “it is fair to say that a high proportion will have sought out positions” in these fields.”

[The Times, July 23rd, 2014, Dominic Kennedy, ‘How paedophiles gained access to establishment by work with the young; Child sex campaigners boasted the education system could not cope without them’ – see further Desiring Progress blog for more well-referenced material on Maurice Yaffe]

Dr Yaffe had been invited to (and attended at least one, possibly two since 7th January minutes are currently unlocated) of the Albany Trust’s meetings with pedophiles, organised to draft the fact sheet (or an A5 Booklet titled Paedophilia: Some Questions & Answers – a copy of which MPs received in their House of Commons’ pigeon holes during April 1977 while the Protection of Children Bill was in its last stages) so perhaps a degree of transference or repetition between the ‘findings’ of Yaffe and the PIE/PAL/Albany Trust co-drafting group are to be expected.

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Maurice Yaffe obituary, British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 24, 1, 69

Current Issues in Clinical Psychology 1983, pp 29-39 Sexually Explicit Materials and Their Therapeutic Use, M Yaffe

Current Issues in Clinical Psychology
1983, pp 29-39
Sexually Explicit Materials and Their Therapeutic Use, M Yaffe

On 22nd April the final spring meeting took place for the co-drafting team to brainstorm ideas for the Paedophilia public information pamphlet, which would eventually target MPs during the passage of the Protection of Children Bill in April 1978

[ See further 18 Lords on 18th May 1978, The Protection of Children Bill, NCCL and PIE ]

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And there I think I might have as much of an answer as to who ‘John’ of the Albany Trust/PIE/PAL drafting committee as I’m likely to reach. It could still potentially be the John Heather, PAL Secretary, about whom I know very little. But I suspect John Holmstrom’s departure from the boys’ clothing business in 1975 was not entirely financial such was his interest in boys aged 7 – 14, the precise age range to which his series of shops ‘Colts’ catered, and combined with his celebrity (even if faded by the mid 70s and of the radio sort) added the need and frisson of secrecy that both Antony Grey and Tom O’Carroll wished to allude to.

Click to go to blog post on the booklet Paedophilia: Some Q&A

Click to go to blog post on the booklet Paedophilia: Some Q&A

May 1975: Albany Trust & National Association of Youth Clubs joint training ‘Psychosexual Problems of Young People’

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Dr Charlotte Wolff: ‘Sexual Identity’
Antony Grey: ‘Adolescent Sexuality – A social and legal perspective’ / ‘Varieties of Sexual Development in Adolescents’ with Grapevine’s Sue Barnet

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In May 1975 David Barnard (Organising Secretary – Albany Trust) and Antony Grey (Managing Trustee – Albany Trust) were corresponding with Sidney Bunt the Training Officer of the National Association of Youth Clubs. Since autumn 1974 the National Association of Youth Clubs had been working with the Albany Trust to set up a 2 day training conference on youth sexuality for people who train youth workers, ‘multipliers’ to cascade the training.

Rev Michael Butler, the Trust’s Counselling Trustee (and to whom Robin Bryans had reported Father Colin Gill’s abuse of boys) would be relying on Sidney Bunt to arrange his overnight accommodation for the conference being held at NAYC’s offices on 30 Devonshire Street on Wednesday 28 and Thursday 29 May

In February 1975 four new Trustees joined:

Sue Barnett (Grapevine, Family Planning Association on 296 Holloway Road);

Rodney Bennett-England (men’s fashion journalist covering Carnaby Street and Savile Row’s zeitgeist in male grooming),

Harold Haywood OBE (ex-Director of the National Association of Youth Clubs) and Tony Smythe (Director of MIND)

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Ex-HBOS Chairman chairs NAYC

The Chairman of NAYC at the time was Dennis Stevenson was later to become Baron Stevenson of Coddenham of Suffolk, HBOS chairman for 7 years, raised to the House of Lords by Tony Blair in 1999, but at the time was recently married and just started a new job. His credential for chairmanship  of NAYC stemmed from having conducted research reports into youth clubs and pop festivals at the Prime Minister Ted Heath’s request.

These included chairmanship of the National Association of Youth Clubs (where he met his great friend, Peter Mandelson) and being asked by Ted Heath, then Prime Minister, to head a study into pop festivals.

Read more:

His day job had been since 1971 as Head of Newton Aycliffe and Peterlee New Town Development Corporation (NPDC). By 1977 Stevenson had chaired two HMSO reports for Department of Education:

New Age Travelers: Vanloads of Uproarious Humanity By Kevin Hetherington

New Age Travelers: Vanloads of Uproarious Humanity By Kevin Hetherington

Sir Harold Haywood, Savile, NAYC & PHAB

Sir Harold Haywood’s involvement with NAYC is listed as having ended in 1974 although its not yet clear as to why, and in February 1975 it was announced he and 3 other new trustees were joining the Albany Trust. Before joining the Albany Trust he had already become Director of the Education Interchange Council involved in facilitating foreign exchanges for educational purposes.

Six months after joining as a trustee, in September 1975 Haywood will take on the Chair of Trustees role at Albany Trust, meet with a number of Paedophile Information Exchange committee members including Peter Righton and lead the way in writing to the Guardian to ask of child prostitution rife at Playland’s Piccadilly Circus and Charles Hornby’s involvement, ‘Who was exploiting whom?’ It is during Haywood’s 30 months with the Albany Trust that they team up with the Paedophile Information Exchange to co-draft a Q&A booklet on Understanding Paedophilia which asserts child abusers are a social benefit without whom voluntary services and youth welfare work would be practically impossible – essentially pedophiles as a ‘free’ source of labour for social services – but at what price?

See further: Albany Trust, Sir Harold Haywood and the Paedophile Information Exchange drafting team – Paedophilia: Some Questions & Answers – Who was ‘John’? and Harold Haywood, Lucilla Butler and Charles Napier of PIE – Nucleus and Albany Trust at Earl’s Court

However, Haywood as Chair of the Trustees was not Antony Grey’s first choice. In autumn 1974, just as PIE was setting up, Grey was casting around for a high profile Chair to further the Trust’s ‘respectable’ image.

He chose to ask Sir Peter Morrison’s sister-in-law – Sara Morrison – wife of Devizes MP Sir Charles Morrison, who was still in position as Vice-Chair of the Conservative party and Sir Peter was preparing to back Thatcher in February’s Tory Leadership election. Sir Peter had only joined the House of Commons in February 1974.

Although she declined, her introduction to Sir Keith Joseph proved useful to Grey who at the time was Savile’s MP (Leeds NE). For more on the history of Anthony Blunt’s Gothic-pederastic cult formed around William Beckford at the Lord Margadale estate of Fonthill (Lord Margadale was Sir Peter and Sir Charles Morrison’s father) read further: PIE Raids, William Blake and Lord Margadale’s estate at Fonthill, Wiltshire 

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Savile at 22 Park Crescent, Haywood at 11 Tenby Mansions, Nottingham Street, National Association of Youth Clubs HQ at Devonshire Street

Despite Haywood’s departure, with his London flat at 22 Park Crescent round the corner from Devonshire House NAYC HQ Savile stopping by was still a frequent occurrence and he maintained close links with both NAYC and PHAB beyond Haywood’s tenure.  During 1974 and 1975 Savile was holding annual fundraising events ‘Tea-rific’ for NAYC and while writing his autobiography (published in 1974) referred to himself as Vice-President to Angus Ogilvy’s President. In 1974 Savile had also become Honorary President of PHAB when it became an independent charity. Screen Shot 2015-05-15 at 23.06.38

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Savile ran many marathons for PHAB, including the half marathon round Hyde Park, undertaking PHAB sponsored walks in Jersey and Northern Ireland. During Haywood’s time in 1970 PHAB had launched a TV fundraising appeal with Cliff Richard fronting the advert. Cliff along with Savile, Rolf Harris and Ed ‘Stewpot’ Stewart were to become four major entertainers appearing publicly for PHAB fundraising.

Robin Ince's Bad Book Club

Robin Ince’s Bad Book Club, by Robin Ince (published 2010)

Did Savile have access and opportunity to abuse vulnerable children and teenagers (some of whom had physical disabilities) at NAYC and PHAB Discos? Will these two charitable organisations be able to safeguard children against abuse by celebrities or public figures in future if they haven’t already reported on how Jimmy Savile or Rolf Harris came to be involved in their fundraising, invited into positions of authority by whom?

In 1971 Savile had started the Dymomania treasure Trail fundraising event at the Post Office Tower and on 15 July 1973 hosted a PHAB BBC Radio 1 Speakeasy. With the Earl of Snowdon as Patron of PHAB and the Queen Mother as Patron of NAYC Savile had increased access for networking with royalty.

21 October, 1981. The Times. ‘Reception.’ ‘The Earl of Snowdon, Patron of PHAB (physically handicapped and able bodied) and Mr Jimmy Savile (president) were hosts at a reception and dinner held at the Mount Royal Hotel yesterday to launch the charity’s silver jubilee celebration for 1982. Among the guests were: Mr Hugh Rossi, Minister of state for Social Security and the Disabled […].’

Savile and the PHAB Russian Princess

Mecca Security employed retired ex-Met and City police officers. Alan Francis, a retired City police officer who went to work for Mecca Leisure as Head of Security (1978 – 1991) published the following in a police publication

“After retiring from the beloved City I went to work for Mecca Leisure, on the edge of show-business, where I met JS several times. At the Cafe de Paris , Coventry Street, the manageress Avril Matthews McClay, a singer, had been through a traumatic experience when her husband and child had been killed in a plane crash and she had been nursed by JS in Stoke Mandeville Hospital. At the Cafe de Paris there was a charity evening for the disabled. The Royal Marines turned up in uniform to carry the disabled inside and Jimmy Saville arrived with a Russian Princess. Paul Daniels also later arrived in support of Avril to give a free show of magic which was amazing. A lot of money was raised for the disabled-related charity PHAB (Physically Handicapped Able Bodies).” ]

The Russian Princess, Princess Jean Galitzine, was recently honoured in 2012 for her services to PHAB, a former 1950s Dior model who had married Prince George Galtizine, a major in the Welsh Guards

“After the Bolshevik revolution, Katya’s grandfather, Prince Vladimir Galitzine, fled his Russian homeland to become an antiques dealer in Paris. His extrovert son, Emmanuel, was a Spitfire pilot during the war and held the record for the RAF’s highest altitude combat with the Luftwaffe. Katya’s father, Prince George Galitzine, was a major in the Welsh Guards, while her mother was the Dior model Jean Dawnay.”

Read more:

Sept 1975: A Liveried funding boost from Grocer’s Company & Goldsmith Company to Albany Trust

David Barnard’s report for 24 September Trustees’ Meeting (as Albany Trust Secretary)


Field Officer role funded by Grocer’s Company awarded £2,000 p.a. (almost £18,600k p.a. in today’s money) for 3 years commencing 1 August 1975 – 1978 and Goldsmiths Co awarding £1,000 p.a. for 3 years (just over £9,300 p.a.)

Youth Worker role still to be funded – revised application for a grant from Department of Education and Science submitted by Antony Grey on 1 August 1975.

The 9 offices at 31/33 Clapham Road were proving useful for groups close to Albany Trust’s interests to use

Parents Enquiry Mrs Rose Robertson was using rooms for counselling on Monday and Wednesday evenings

The subsequent talks MIND had planned with Albany Trust jointly are cancelled after the Harold Haywood / PIE Peter Righton chaired meeting Tony Smythe (Director of MIND and Albany Trustee) had arranged.


s.8 Sexual Offences Act 1967: Sir Norman Skelhorn’s Consent to Prosecute v. Police Powers of Prosecution

While police retained powers of arrest, custody and bail over people suspected of having committed offences (a) and/or (b) below only the Director of Public Prosecutions (‘DPP’) could either lay charges or give consent to charging/prosecuting:

(a) buggery/ gross indecency or attempted between man over 21 and a male under 21

(b) procuring or commanding buggery/gross indecency between man over 21 and a male under 21 Screen Shot 2015-05-09 at 06.55.53In 1972 s.48 of the Criminal Justice Act disapplied requirement of DPP consent to prosecute where charges had been made under the Indecency with Children Act 1960. However since the ICA 1960 only defines ‘children’ as those under 14 it would still have meant that while police had powers to prosecute where children had been abused, abuse of male children over the aged of 14 could still only be prosecuted with consent of the DPP even after the tempering of s.48.Screen Shot 2015-05-09 at 11.17.30 The current CPS guidance is here: Screen Shot 2015-05-09 at 07.04.48But I couldn’t find an equivalent restriction on prosecution /consent to prosecute for heterosexual offences where one person is under the age of consent. Why?

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Recently the Needle Blog put me out of my misery by publishing an answer as to why s.8 came to exist backed up with the illuminating find of a press report on how an early 1968 case [ R v Angel] with representation from solicitors’ firm Kingsley, Napley & Co, a case which served to drive home the message to police of the consequences of prosecuting sexual offences with boys without DPP consent. The court had no choice but to quash the conviction of a 58 year old man for raping a 9 year old boy, declaring the trial and committal proceedings null and void with the defendant being released from prison immediately.

It turns out Leo Abse MP had introduced the s.8 amendment at close to 4 in the morning of 4th July [ HC Deb 03 July 1967 vol 749 cc1491-525 ]

“The only amendments to be carried were those moved by Mr Abse to meet concern expressed by some members that the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions would not be required to prosecute where there was a long-standing relationship between a homosexual over 21 years and one under 21; or where an older man had been seduced or blackmailed into a homosexual act by a man under 21.”

“The Bill, unamended, said Mr Abse would leave the police free to prosecute the older man, even though this might not do justice between the offenders. Under the amendment, where the parties to the alleged offence were an adult and a minor, the case would be referred to the director to be looked at as a whole.” [Needle Blog, The Times 4 July 1967]

In July last year allegations surfaced that Abse’s good friend, Welsh Labour MP George Thomas (Speaker of the House of Commons and later raised to the House of Lords as Viscount Tonypandy in 1983 under Thatcher) had raped a 9 year old boy, the son of Labour party activists he was friendly with, and who currently resides in Australia. The blog Liberal England brings press reports of those allegations together here quoting from Abse’s book as per below (read the post to appreciate the point about timing and difference between the American and English editions of Abse’s book) and raises an important point about Australia being the location of choice to which George Thomas liked to consider dispatching potential ‘scandals’.

But there were times when my advice had gone unheeded. While still a backbench MP, he asked me for a loan. The specificity and size of the loan, £800, aroused my suspicions.

He poured out the story. I urged him to let me deal with this extortioner. But to no avail. That sum – the ticket and resettlement money which was to take the man to Australia – would, George insisted, mark the end of the affair.

I had profound misgivings but I could see George was near breaking point. I gave him the money. [Liberal England, Leo Abse, ‘Tony Blair: The Man Behind the Smile]

The date of the allegation of rape of a 9 year old would be closer to 1968 and the passage of the Sexual Offences Bill through Parliament which Abse so ably steered, as evidenced by his early morning amendment to Clause 8, particularly concerned as he was with protecting men over 21 from seduction and ‘blackmail’ by those under 21.

Abse does say that this incident took place when Thomas was still a backbencher, whereas the supposed rape seems to have taken place in the late 1960s or early 1970s, which makes the dates hard to reconcile. [Liberal England, Viscount Tonypandy & Leo Abse ]

Without s.8 the police would have retained power of prosecution, and if for example, there was corruption within a force (as was discovered in the Flying Squad/ Obscene Publications force with the help of Lord Longford and Piers Morgan’s grandfather Major Matt Oliver in 1971-72) the police would have effectively held the reigns of blackmail if faced with decisions whether to prosecute prominent public figures.

Oz trial lifted lid on porn squad bribery

Secret home office papers show how prosecution of hippy magazine helped unearth a web of corruption that landed Yard men in jail

Alan Travis, Home Affairs Editor, The Guardian
Saturday November 13, 1999

The outcry over the 1971 Schoolkids Oz censorship trial sparked a major corruption inquiry in Whitehall which ended in the jailing of the senior officer responsible for the magazine’s prosecution, newly released confidential Whitehall documents reveal.

The secret home office papers published today show the public backlash to the savage sentencing of Richard Neville and the editors of the hippie magazine helped precipitate Scotland Yard’s biggest ever anti-corruption drive in which 400 officers, including a deputy assistant commissioner, were imprisoned or left the force.

The head of the Metropolitan police’s obscene publications squad, who targeted the capital’s burgeoning samizdat, also ended up behind bars as had Neville and the magazine’s other two editors, Felix Dennis and Jim Anderson.

The papers were not due to be made public until 2003 but have been released early under the open government initiative. They show that the then home secretary, Reginald Maudling, was so stung by the accusation that the police were singling out hippie publications such as Oz and the Little Red Schoolbook for prosecution while Soho pornographers were being let off the hook that he ordered a major inquiry.

Detective Chief Inspector George Fenwick, then in charge of the “dirty” squad, told Mr Maudling that pornography could not be stamped out because it had existed for centuries, and justified his targeting of Oz and the Little Red Schoolbook as indecent publications which were aimed at children and advocated “the alternative society”.

Fenwick disputed the home office’s claim that the Soho bookshops were operating with impunity. “I would rather question the assertion that pornography was on ‘open sale’ in Soho or indeed anywhere else in London on a large scale. I would, however, agree that it can be found in various bookshops when it is particularly asked for.”

Home office civil servants said this weasel explanation “left a good deal to be desired”.

Detailed allegations were made of police corruption soon after the Oz inquiry. Fenwick was eventually jailed for 10 years as the “chief architect” of the biggest ever Met corruption ring in which the Soho porn merchants had some of the most senior police officers in Britain on their weekly payroll.

The Oz case at the Old Bailey was the longest obscenity trial in British legal history. The original sentences of up to 15 months for Neville and the others sparked a wave of protest from Beatle John Lennon, a young John Birt and many others.

The convictions were quashed on appeal only after, it is alleged by Geoffrey Robertson, one of the defence counsels, the lord chief justice, Lord Widgery, sent his clerk, a former merchant seaman, to Soho one lunchtime to buy £20 worth of the hardest porn he could find. The contents of Oz paled in comparison.

After the trial Fenwick had to explain to Maudling why he had targeted Oz. In his confidential report dated August 13, 1971, he said: “In this country at the minute there are somewhere in the region of 80 publications which advocate what in the current idiom is called the alternative society. Of these about 25 can be termed ‘underground’ press and a number of them contain articles which can be described as indecent.

“However, by far the worst of these are Oz, Frendz and IT, in that order. These in fact are the only ones against whom action has been taken or indeed contemplated in the last 12 months.”

He said that alongside these “underground” publications so-called sex instructional literature had emerged, including the Little Red Schoolbook, Curious, In Depth, New Directions and Forum – later to feature articles by Alastair Campbell, Tony Blair’s press secretary. “All have been the subjects of inquiry or prosecution by this department during the past year. It is an unfortunate fact of life that pornography has existed for centuries and it is unlikely that it can ever be stamped out.”

He disputed that pornography was on open sale and complained that the way the law was drafted made his task impossible: “The police cannot act as ‘buyers’ and so lay themselves open to allegations of ‘agent provocateur’. It must therefore be left to the purveyors of filth to make a mistake or the odd genuine complaint to come to hand.”

Fenwick blamed the director of public prosecutions for lack of action and the press for giving massive publicity to the hippie cases and leaving the impression the police were doing nothing about Soho.

Fenwick’s explanation set alarm bells ringing in the home office. Anxieties were reinforced when an anonymous “senior Yard man” was quoted in the London Evening News saying the Oz trial would not herald a new crackdown on porn as it would take too much manpower: “One can go into Soho today and see far worse pornography than was in the Oz magazines. Any child can buy it.”

So when Matthew Oliver, an investigator for Lord Longford’s unofficial inquiry into pornography, later that year produced allegations against seven named porn merchants who were bribing police officers, the home secretary demanded a full report.

The inquiries initially came up against a wall of silence.

But in February 1972 the head of the Scotland Yard flying squad, Commander Kenneth Drury, was revealed to have just spent a two-week holiday in Cyprus with James Humphreys, one of seven named porn barons. Drury claimed they were looking for Ronnie Biggs, the escaped train robber.

But investigations ordered by the new Met commissioner, Robert Mark, finally unveiled the systemic corruption at the heart of the police. Four years later Mr Justice Mars-Jones named Fenwick as the “chief architect” and sentenced him to 10 years’ imprisonment.

Those members of the Flying Squad who might have known names of high profile clientele buying under the counter stock of child abuse images from shops across the backstreets of Piccadilly Circus were already facing prosecution themselves by the time the s.48 Criminal Justice Act 1972 amendment came into force, unable to use s.48 to reassert police powers of prosecution where boys under the age of 14 were involved, without the consent of DPP Sir Norman Skelhorn.

“In theory, if the ‘right’ man had the job, the DPP could become the paedophile’s gatekeeper.” [ Needle Blog – The Consequence of Leo Abse MP’s amendment to the Sexual Offences Act 1967 ]

March 1970: Decision Not to Prosecute Cyril Smith (not yet even an MP but wishing to stand in election)

In March 1970, prior to Cyril Smith becoming an MP in 1972, a file of evidence was submitted to the then DPP’s Office – Sir Norman Skelhorn.

The file, from Lancashire Constabulary, contained allegations made by eight men that they had been subjected to indecent assaults by Cyril Smith as teenagers. The allegations were very similar in nature, and were allegedly conducted on the pretexts of either a medical examination or punishment for misbehaviour. All the boys were either living at Cambridge House Children’s Home in Rochdale (six of them), or were dependent on Cyril Smith for either employment, financial support or some sort of guardianship. It is noted that 80 pages of evidence was supplied to the then DPP’s office with a covering note dated 11 March 1970.[ CPS Statement in relation to Cyril Smith]

Taking just over a week to reply the DPP’s response was as follows:

“I have considered your file and I observe that eight young men, whose ages range from nineteen to twenty-four years, allege that between 1961 and 1966 Smith subjected them to various forms of indecency and I also observe that Smith denies their allegations. Any charges of indecent assault founded on these allegations, as well as being somewhat stale, would be, in my view, completely without corroboration. Further, the characters of some of these young men would be likely to render their evidence suspect.

“In the circumstances, I do not consider that if proceedings for indecent assault were to be taken against Smith, there would be a reasonable prospect of a conviction. I do not, therefore, advise his prosecution.”

Dec 1970 – 26 June 1972: Prichodsky, O’Neill and the ‘missing’ Indecency with Children charges that Mr J Clarke wished to sentence for

Times 11th Aug 1971- Andrew Prichodsky and Kenneth Edward O’Neill in Court

Please click above to read full report on

On 14 October 1970 two police officers with a search warrant went to Elm Court, Harrowby Street, in the West End, where Mr Prichodsky had a room.

On a table they found a blue envelope containing obscene photographs of a 14-year-old boy. Mr Prichodsky said: ” Yes, I took them. You may think it funny, but I like pictures of young boys and there are a lot of influential people of the same mind. You would be surprised if I told you some of their names.”

In total police found 1,800 photos and 13 cans of 35mm black and white film of boys, “some of whom were extremely young” in 3 searches of different locations related to Andrew Prichodsky and Kenneth O’Neill.

  • 14 October 1970: Police search flat at 19 Elm Court Harrowby Street & seized a number of films and other articles – search warrant under the Obscene Publications Act 1959
  • 9 December 1970: Second search, this time of a flat in Ealing occupied at the time by Prichodsky and O’Neill, one found in bed with a boy of 14 – search warrant executed for stolen goods
  • 20 January 1971: A third search ‘not necessary to allude in detail.’ as per Lord Justice Roskill in Court of Appeal judgment

Prosecuting counsel was Mr Kenneth Richardson and defence counsel for Prichodsky was Mr McHale. What became clear during McHale’s plea in mitigation for his client was that Mr Justice Clarke couldn’t understand why the two defendants had only been charged with a single offence each of [       ]. No charges were laid in relation to the 6 sacks of material the police had seized as outlined above.

Prichodsky and O’Neill were sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment each. An appeal was lodged which took just over 10 months to reach the Court of Appeal.

In the transcript of the Court of Appeal judgment [click below for full report] Lord Justice Roskill

“When one looks at page 25 of the transcript, one finds that at D the learned Judge said:

“When he was taking pictures of boys between the ages of 9 and 16, are you saying that your client did not appreciate that that was a wrong thing to do, that he was doing it not realising that it was wrong?”

to which counsel replied: “My Lord, I have obviously failed to convey that which I was attempting to convey. I sought to draw a distinction between the photographs which were taken at the flat which were intended to be marketed, and those which were seized at an earlier date, and are, therefore, not eligible for consideration for the offence which was committed in December. Your Lordship may think it is undesirable that such photographs should be taken, but they are not the subject matter of photographs which were in his possession on the date in question in this charge, for the purpose of publication“.

The learned Judge then went on: “Is this not right: that on the 8th of December, 9th of December 1970, were not photographs found in his possession of boys between the ages of 9 and 16, which he had taken himself?” to which Counsel replied: “Yes, my Lord, there were some such photographs”.

It is right to say that from beginning to end of the case there was never any evidence that any boy involved was of such tender years as 9 years of age; one boy was of the age of about 14. The learned Judge went on: “That is all I am concerned with here. That is what I have to deal with, and the evidence of the other photographs is evidence which shows that he has been doing the same thing on previous occasions”, to which counsel replied “Not marketing”. The learned Judge then said “But having for the purpose possibly, in the future, of gain, and that is a habit that he has been doing”.”

COURT OF APPEAL 26th June 1972 Kenneth Edward O’Neill and Andrew Michael Joseph Prichodsky

At p. 6 of the Court of Appeal judgment Lord Justice Roskill couldn’t say explicitly why prosecutions of indecency with children hadn’t been made against Prichodsky and O’Neill only that they hadn’t and Mr Kenneth Richardson “has given the reason”. Richardson had also appeared as prosecuting counsel in first trial and was of assistance to the appeal court due to the loss of the first transcript.

Although Lord Justice Roskill does say ‘the prosecution may have felt that that evidence though available was not sufficiently reliable to justify the making of such charges’ which on the face of reading the committal papers and statements Mr Justice Clarke had clearly felt strongly were made out by the evidence contained within.

This starts to present a clearer view of why Mr Justice Clarke persisted in his incredulous questioning of Prichodsky’s defence counsel McHale at the initial trial ten months or so previously. On the basis of what Mr Justice Clarke had read in the committal papers he was obviously not of the same opinion as Sir Norman Skelhorn DPP who under s.8 SOA 1967 (and note timing of this appeal is a few months before the s.48 amendment of CJA 1972 allowing for police to prosecute sexual abuse of children under 14 as offences under the Indecency with Children Act 1960 which raises the question of who pushed for s.48 amendment in Hansard?) at this point retained sole control over whether to prosecute for the sexual abuse of children.

“It is right to say that there were in the committal papers a number of statements of young men who had been allegedly involved in unlawful homosexual acts with one or other or both of the Appellants.

There was also evidence how at least one if not two boys had been persuaded, to use a neutral word, to go to the flat where these photographs were taken.

It is also right to say on that material there was evidence on which charges might have been laid either of indecent assault or procuring acts of gross indecency or of acts of gross indecency or possibly even of buggery or attempted buggery.

There was also evidence which might have been the subject of charges of incitement to unlawful homosexual offences.

But not a single charge of that kind was made.

Mr. Richardson has given the reason and one can readily understand the prosecution may have felt that that evidence though available was not sufficiently reliable to justify the making of such charges.”

Nov 1972: Decision Not to Prosecute – Victor Montagu MP

In November 1972 Sir Skelhorn’s office declined to prosecute Victor Montagu MP (who like Tony Benn had disclaimed his peerage as 10th Earl of Sandwich in 1964 to remain in the House of Commons as Tory MP for Dorset) for the abuse of a boy for 2 years, instead giving a caution.

Montagu’s youngest son had been abused by him between the ages of 7 – 11, while his father was Conservative MP for South Dorset approximately between the years 1956 – 1961. The allegation ten years later was that Montagu had been abusing the another boy during a two year period from December 1970 – November 1972.

The files show the boy was interviewed on 10 November 1972 after rumours that he was being sexually abused. Two officers visited Montagu at his home in Mapperton, Dorset, and interviewed him under caution. He was later charged by police with two counts of indecently assaulting a male under 16 on a number of occasions between 31 December 1970 and January 1972 and of indecently assaulted the same boy between 31 December 1971 and November 1972. He was remanded to appear at Bridport magistrates court.

But when the then chief constable of Dorset and Bournemouth, Arthur Hambleton, wrote to Skelhorn for advice on the case, prosecutors chose to give Montagu a caution instead of proceeding with a criminal trial in public.

A note, from the DPP’s office endorsing the decision, said the case was “borderline” but because Montagu was of “previous good character” and there was “no fear of repetition with this boy … we could caution”. [Tory MP Victor Montagu escaped child sex abuse trial in 1970s, Sandra Laville, The Guardian, 15 May 2015]

April 1974: Decision not to Prosecute – Bishop of Stepney

BBC’s Tom Bateman has posted the police papers from an April 1974 decision by the department of the Director of Public Prosecutions in the case of Suffragan Bishop of Stepney, Father Trevor Huddleston [see below]. Despite 4 charges made out under s.1(1) of the Indecency with Children Act 1960 (and therefore not requiring consent under s.8?) the DPP’s office is asked for their opinion and it is given by Assistant DPP Michael Evelyn (also known as prolific crime writer Michael Underwood – wonder what he did during the war having just been called to the Bar?) Evelyn had been on the staff of the Office of the DPP since 1946 (aged 30) and in 1969 had been promoted to Assistant DPP before retiring in 1976.

More on Father Trevor Huddleston and Labour’s Attorney-General Sam Silkin’s disclosures in 1979

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